Corn Snake belongs to Rat Snake family that is known to kill its small prey via constriction. These snakes are very docile by nature and quite reluctant to bite. In addition, the moderate size of adult species and attractive pattern, with quite straightforward care methods make Corn Snake one of the most suitable pet snakes to keep at home.
A Corn Snake is quite a small and relatively harmless snake that originates from North America. The name was given to this snake because of the corn-like pattern of its skin. If you are interested in snakes, then you will surely like to deal with Corn Snake, because it can become a very good pet for you, provided that you fully understand how to take care of it and display a full commitment.
- Corn Snake Behaviour and Temperament
- Corn Snakes Substrate & Bedding
- Suitable Food and Water for Corn Snake
- Corn Snake Common Health Problems
- Habitat & Decor for Corn Snakes
- Basic care rules for Corn Snakes
- Types of Corn Snake Morphs
- How to Take Care of a Corn Snake?
- Q: How long can a Corn Snake go without eating?
- Q: How to identify a baby copperhead snake?
- Q: How much does a Corn Snake cost?
- Q: How often to feed Corn Snake?
Corn Snake Behaviour and Temperament
When initially Corn Snakes just hatch out of their eggs, be ready that they can strike out towards anything that’s moving. Hence, be careful and patient with newly born Corn Snakes, because this kind of attitude soon stops, once they start growing up and understand that rodents given by you are food and humans are not dangerous and will not hurt them. Indeed, it is really hard to find an aggressive adult Corn Snake. Even the adult species that grow in the wild are still highly unlikely to bite.
Corn Snakes are smaller in comparison to Rat Snakes and can reach on average up to 3 – 6 feet long, even though 6-foot Corn Snakes are found quite rarely. The main growth period for these snakes occurs during the first 2 years of their life.
Provided that you properly take care of your Albino Corn Snake, it can live up to 20 years plus. Average lifespan of these species is around 15 – 20 years. The key to the longevity of your snake’s life can be achieved if you don’t overfeed it. Excessive stress is another important contributing factor that you should consider in order to extend the lifespan of your favorite pet.
Corn Snakes are among one of the easiest species to breed. The most fundamental rules of breeding colubrid snakes can be applied to Corn Snakes as well. First of all, breed only those specimens that minimum 3 – 4 years old. Besides that, make sure your breeders are fed properly and have reached a proper body weight. Basically, by following these two simple rules, you can breed your Corn Snakes without any issues.
Corn Snake eggs can be expected around 6 weeks after the mating. Once your Corn Snake has laid the eggs, carefully mark the top of every egg and put in a special box filled with moist vermiculite. You can also apply an egg-laying substrate for more comfort. If you want to get a good mixture of males and females, keep incubating the eggs at temperature around 80°F. Stay patient, the eggs will hatch in approximately two months.
The ideal temperature regime for Corn Snakes may vary around 75-82 deg F in the cool area and approximately 80-85 deg F in the warm area. The basking area may reach up to 88-92 deg F for your Corn Snake to feel comfortable and healthy.
The standard scale color of Corn Snakes is somewhat close to corns found in the wild, with color combinations of orange, brown, golden yellow, black and red.
Babies of Corn Snakes require attention to ensure they grow healthy. Hereby, make sure you feed them every 5 – 7 days. Check if your Corn Snake is interested in food approximately 5 days after the feeding by showing a pinkie to it. Don’t forget to abstain from touching baby Corn Snakes, as they may bite at the initial stage of their life.
Corn Snakes Substrate & Bedding
Corn Snake substrate selection is another important factor you should consider to ensure a happy and peaceful life of your pet. There are diversified substrates available for Lavender Corn Snakes, however, the best ones that you should consider are aspen chips and newspaper or paper towels. A newspaper is a very good substrate due to its absorbent properties and ease of replacement. However, if you want a more decorative option, consider choosing aspen. Other nice alternatives include bark or cypress mulch. Abstain from using cedar shavings for your snake habitat, because it is toxic for reptiles.
As for bedding, you have plenty of material options to select from, like aspen bedding, cypress mulch bedding, coconut fibre bedding and bedding made of special alternative materials.
Suitable Food and Water for Corn Snake
Corn Snakes generally eat rodents, which they catch and squeeze until death because they belong to the constrictor group. Even if you plan to feed your snake with dead rodents, you still may want to make your snake feel as if it is catching the food on its own. When it’s about time to feed your Corn Snake, simply defrost the rodent and give it some time to warm up to the room temperature. Take the rodent by the tail and dangle it in front of the snake, so it can catch it and proceed with having a meal.
Besides that, you can also indulge your snake with quail eggs, but only every few weeks, because in the wild Corn Snakes rarely get the chance to eat eggs. And, of course, do not forget about the freshwater that should be clean and available at all times, so that your snake feels maximum comfort.
The feeding frequency for adult Corn Snakes is once ever 1-2 weeks. Make sure that the rodent size is only a bit bigger than the biggest body part of your snake. Baby Corn Snakes are fed with pinkie-size rodents and the size keeps increasing as the snake grows up.
Corn Snake Common Health Problems
To prevent any bacteria and/or fungus from polluting the tank, ensure a regular tank cleaning is in place and keep removing feces and urine without any delays. As snakes grow, they tend to shed their old skin to grow a new one.
When your Corn Snake is ready to shed, its eyes will become milky blue a few days prior to that, its skin will become dull and will start having a whitish sheen. Once eyes become clear, it’s a signal that the snake is ready for shedding. Provide your snake with a shallow dish filled with tepid water to let it soak itself in during the process of shedding.
Corn Snakes can suffer from parasites and various illnesses as well. Unfortunately, some of those can cause death. Hereby, make sure your snake is tested for parasites once you have just purchased it. If you notice your snake is showing signs of listlessness or sickness, take its feces or vomit to the vet to test it.
Habitat & Decor for Corn Snakes
The majority of people get a glass terrarium with screen lids for their Corn Snakes. This option is both comfortable and efficient. An adult Corn Snake will need a minimum 20-gallon (75.7-liter) enclosure. However, if you are not restricted by space, then get a bigger enclosure. Baby Corn Snakes can be kept in smaller enclosures, which should be changed to bigger ones once they grow up.
The terrarium bottom can be covered with aspen shavings or dry newspapers. Don’t forget to get a small water dish. To make your snake feel more comfortable inside the enclosure, provide it with a hiding place for the sake of privacy. Nowadays, there are plenty of options for hiding places that can be found in pet stores and online as well.
It’s very important to provide your Corn Snakes with a proper temperature balance inside the enclosures. It can be achieved with a heat lamp, keep the hot side of the terrarium at around 85 deg F (29 deg C) and another one around 70 deg F (21 deg C).
Feel free to put any special accessories or decoration elements inside the terrarium to create a habitat close to real life in the wild.
Basic care rules for Corn Snakes
The Corn Snake is one of the easiest pet snakes to take care of. If you are a newbie and don’t have many skills in pet care, Corn Snakes may be just the right choice for you. Corn Snakes are easy to handle and most of the time they tend to be very docile.
These snakes are not prone to stress and that’s good news for you. However, it is still best that you provide a hiding place for your snake’s privacy. Healthy Corn Snakes are very curious and keep moving around most of the time.
Make sure you take good care of the enclosure and keep it clean and well maintained with the proper temperature at all times. Refresh the water and maintain a healthy diet for your snake. Monitor any anomalies in behavior or appearance, because it may be an alerting sign that the snake is sick.
Types of Corn Snake Morphs
Corn Snakes come in a big variety of morphs and each of them has its own special features and attractive parts.
Motley – this morph of a Corn Snake has got a clear belly and decorated with an “inverted” spotting pattern. Besides that, it can also have dashes or stripes.
Striped – this morph comes with a clear belly and a striping pattern. The striped Corn Snake has colors that do not connect, and sometimes can even break up or have a “cubed” pattern.
Diffused – has diffused pattern on its sides that eliminates the pattern on belly.
Sunkissed – has got a hypo-like gene, as well as rounded saddles and specific head patterns.
Aztec – result of Zigzag and Banded Corn Snakes breeding.